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coffee seeds

coffee seeds

Do you know that coffee is actually a seed of fruit? do you know anything about how these cherries turn into brown beans that we brew? What are the types of it?

Coffee is so popular in today’s society. Coffee lovers today are more curious about the source of their coffee. Coffee seeds come from Coffee cherries which are the fruit of Coffea plants. Technically coffee seeds are not beans, they only resemble true beans and that is why we call them “Coffee Beans”. Eventually, this is the source where you get your beverage.

What are Coffee Seeds?

Coffee seeds come from the coffee cherry. The cherry itself contains caffeine and antioxidants. Coffee trees are short but can grow to more than 30 feet high. It takes 5 years for a cherry to reach fruit production. Coffee plants can age up to 100 years and they are the most productive between the ages of 7 and 20. The coffee tree grows 10 pounds of the coffee cherry, or 2 pounds of green beans a year.

The coffee fruits; cherries or berries, are red or purple and mostly contain two stones. when only one bean is produced by the coffee cherry it is called a peaberry. Peaberry is also known as caracoli or carcacol which in Spanish means snail. Some people believe that peaberry seeds have more flavor. There are 124 species worldwide, but mainly Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora) are popular around the world. The main components of coffee seeds are carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and caffeine; aromatic principles; oil and waxes; and minerals and acids.

Coffee Seed Types

Mainly there are four types of coffee seeds; Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa. All of these types have completely different characteristics.

  • Arabica
  • Robusta
  • Liberica
  • Excelsa
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green coffee cherries on a tree

Arabica

Arabica is known as the most popular and high-quality seed. Over 60% of the produced coffee seeds around the world are Arabica seeds. Trees of this kind of coffee are easy to care for and they grow best in tropical climates. Arabica owes its great taste to large amounts of sugar which give the coffee a sweeter and softer taste.

Robusta

Robusta is the second most-produced in the world. These coffee seeds grow in a hot climate. Compared with Arabica seeds, Robusta coffee seeds are smaller and rounder in shape and they have double amounts of caffeine. Robusta has a stronger and harsher taste. This type of coffee seeds even has a little chocolate in them, which makes them a great choice for iced coffee.

Liberica

Liberica seeds are large and have irregular shapes. flavor and aroma of These seeds are unique. They have a woody and bitter taste with a fruity aroma.

Excelsa

Excelsa coffee seeds have a combined flavor of light roast and dark roast coffee. however they are classified as a member of the Liberica family, these seeds have a completely different taste. These were the most famous types of coffee seeds, you can provide any of them by few clicks here on coffeevibes.

Coffee seeds benefits

By talking about the benefits of coffee seeds, we mean the general health effects that every type of coffee has. Whether you brew these coffee beans or eat raw coffee beans, the benefits of it are:

  • Antioxidant effects: a great source of antioxidants, mostly chlorogenic acids.
  • Source of caffeine: caffeine not only boosts your mood and improves your physical performance, but also has many benefits for your brain.
  • Preventing heart disease: by regulating blood regulation, coffee lowers the risk of stroke and other heart diseases.
  • Prevents depression: studies show that drinking a cup of coffee every day, reduces the risk of depression!
  • Full of essential nutrients: a cup of coffee contains surprisingly a lot of nutrients such as Manganese and potassium, and vitamin B2, B5, and B3.
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Coffee seeds uses

All of us know what coffee beans are and we all use them to brew a cup of delicious coffee to get through the day. However, after reading the list of creative usages of coffee seeds you will be amazed! So, let’s take a look:

  • Use it as a fertilizer for your plants. (you can also compose it to use it later in your garden)
  • A great scrub for your body that is great nutrients for your skin.
  • Use it for scrubbing pots and pans in your kitchen.
  • A natural odor to absorb bad odors from your freezer or other containers.
  • Use it as a coffee rub to get a tenderized meat.
  • A healthy face mask to cleanse your skin and reducing the signs of aging.

What are your creative ways to use a coffee seed? Share with us in the comments.

a hand holding a coffee seeds

Where is coffee grown

The coffee tree, Coffea, is a tropical evergreen shrub.it grows in an area between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, which is named the bean belt or coffee belt. Coffea arabica (Arabicas) and Coffea canephora (Robustas) are the most commonly grown species Arabica coffee can grow in hotter and harsher conditions and this type of plant needs less annual rainfall. Whereas Arabica Ideal areas are hilly ones, Robusta coffee can be grown at sea level.

Harvesting

Coffee trees yield an average of 2 to 4 kilos of cherries. coffee picking is one of the most important steps in coffee production. Coffee is harvested in one of two ways:

  • Strip Picked: in which all the cherries are removed from the branch at once.
  • Asian palm civet eats the ripest coffee cherries and excretes the seeds. then these excreted seeds are processed and they are called kopi luwak. kopi luwak coffee seed is a rare and expensive product.

Processing

There are three main methods to process coffee cherries:

  • wet or washed process
  • Natural or dry processing
  • Honey process
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unroasted coffee beans

wet or washed process

the seeds that are separated from the cherries contain a sticky pulp called mucilage .to get rid of this mucilage, the seeds are soaked in water for two days and then washed with water. This method highlights the characteristics of the environmental conditions of the coffee plant. With its complex flavors, this method is preferred by many roasters and baristas

Natural or dry processing

the cherries are spread out and to dried in the sun for 2–3 weeks then they remove the dried fruit flesh. The natural process adds fruity flavors to the coffee.

Honey process

In this method, only a small amount of flesh remains on the seeds. so the remaining sugar makes it sweeter. The next step is drying the seeds. By the end of the process the seeds and caramelized and depending on how much flesh remains on the seeds, the color can change from yellow to dark

Which country is the largest producer of coffee?

Coffee has become a huge business duo its popularity. It is the second most important commercial product that is exported by developing countries. the world’s top coffee producer, Brazil, produces about 45% of the world’s coffee seeds and it has been the largest coffee producer for the last 150 years.

which country drinks the most coffee

Finland is the number one coffee drinking country. Meanwhile, every day Americans drink 400 million cups of coffee .interestingly, coffee has grown to be even more popular during the COVID pandemic. While staying indoors, coffee drinking has become a habit and lots of consumers say they are trying new types of coffee. If you are willing to try them out, you can check our website.

Conclusion

coffee seeds come from Coffee cherries which are the fruit of Coffee plants. They go through a long journey to become the roasted, brown coffee beans that we brew and enjoy as a rich tasty cup of coffee. However, there are many facts and amazing usages that coffee seeds can have except for a caffeine beverage which is all explained in details in this article by Coffeevibes.

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Sam

If you're a coffee fanatic who enjoys the first sip of coffee every day, you understand the magical power of good coffee beans. I've been crazy about coffee for a quite long time, and I truly enjoy learning about different types of coffee and all the facts about caffeine. So, I decided to share my experience with you to help you choose coffee beans like a pro and find your favorite type of coffee. Hope you enjoy!

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